Student Project of Strelka Institute for Media, Architecture and Design
Edits in Moscow
Moscow is constantly changing and even though time duration is measured not with minutes, like in Wikipedia, but with weeks, years and even decades, we were able to classify Moscow edits and collect the most notable examples of edit wars.
Each citizen faces millions of edits everyday, whether they are tiny changes and removals or major edits and backtracking to the original condition which could take up to half a year. For people who believe that the city doesn't change at all – try walking through the city "with opened eyes". Start simple. Pay attention to the wall graffiti and then to graffiti painted over. These are edits by housing and public utilities or anti-graffiti communities. This is how interaction between street-art people and their opponents has begun. After that have a look at the houses, balconies that have been built on and other elements attached to the original building. This is a form of interaction between locals themselves. Look at the cafes, restaurants, service salons. Are they situated in the area where they belong? This is what interaction between businesses and residents looks like. Finally, look at the streets, squares, buildings in general and try to imagine how they looked before. This is the way the city authorities "talk" to city residents claiming their ideology. Even though we strongly recommend you to go for a walk around the city, below you can find our selection and classification of city edits.

1
TYPES OF EDITS
How is Moscow edited?
No matter how many versions of edits there are and who initiated them, they can be divided into 6 groups.

2
LEVELS OF EDITS
Who edits Moscow?
City edits are initiated by residents, companies and city authorities. The most significant and notable changes are handled by the city authorities whose approach is sometimes chaotic and controversial due to the constant rotation of people in charge. Private sector and locals reluctantly ask for permission from the city authorities (as they find it expensive, difficult or pointless), so they introduce the changes according to their own interests, aesthetic beauty and abilities.
Citizen
Citizens are constantly changing the city space with or without help or permission from the city authorities.
Private sector
Companies are driven by their own business interests, rarely taking into account local opinions and even permissions of the authorities.Citizens are constantly changing the city space with or without help or permission from the city authorities.
City authorities
Most notable city changes, such as street patterns and buildings' architecture, are implemented at the level of local authorities.
Landing stage on the Moscow river, used by restaurants and casinos (in 2014 they were demolished by the city authorities). Source

3
EXAMPLES OF EDIT WARS
Who fights the wars?
As the Moscow city government was changing, tastes, opinions and ideologies were also altered. This is what primarily affected the city image.
The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. But the construction was halted because of the World War II. Under Nikita Khrushchev, it was transformed into the world's largest open air swimming pool, named Moskva Pool.
Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (today)
The Cathedral was rebuilt in 1994.

Metro station Chistye Prudy, 1900
The station was opened in 1935. It was not long before the station square began to be used as a
marketplace.
From the 90-th the square around the station were overbuilt by the advertising banners and street kiosks.
In 2013 the advertising banners were removed and in 2016 the street kiosks were demolished.

The first stone gate was erected in 1535. When the structure was rebuilt in 1680, the double passage was surmounted with two-storey chambers crowned by two octagonal hipped roofs similar to the Kremlin towers. In 1781, the Nikolo-Perervinsky Monastery constructed a new brick chapel on the spot.
In 1931, the Resurrection Gate and the chapel were demolished in order to make room for heavy military vehicles driving through Red Square during military parades.
Resurrection Gate (today)
Both structures were completely rebuilt in 1994-1996

The building was constructed in the end of 19th century for the Hludovy family.
In 1934 three floors were added to the building.
The Minisrty of Transport (today)
In 2001 the building was modified.

The complex was constructed in 1897-99. In the beginning it was two different buildings which were divided by the Malaya Lubjanka.
The complex after
restructuring between 1930 and 1940
Redevelopment began in the late 1930s. The first corps was extended by two floors and enlarged, blocking Malaya Lubyanka Street.
FSB building (today)
In 1983-84 the left side of building was rebuilt, thus formed a huge facade along the Lubyanka Square.

History of Moscow is quite tragic. Here we have New Arbat street, beautiful lines of constructivism, new houses-books. Leninskiy avenue was made so authorities' cars would freely drive to the Kremlin. On the Gnesenka intersection there is a symbolic building – small church from the 17th century. This is a little piece of history since new buildings usually replace old and historical ones. It used to be the unique square. It was called Dogs' square and was named after dog-houses that were located there. This church was supposed to be demolished though someone had defended it.
Ekaterina Barbashina
Guide
One of the largest hotels in Moscow built in 1933 - 1935 years.
Hotel 'Four Seasons Moscow', 2013
In 2000 the building of the hotel decided to demolished and re-create in the construction of the historical appearance of the hotel. According to Professor Vyacheslav MARCHI Glazychev "there was no particular need for the demolition of the hotel which was built only in the early 30 of the last century".

Voentorg on Vozdvizhenka
The building in Art Nouveau style with elements of Art Deco was built in 1910 - 1913 years by order of the Economic Society of the Moscow Military District officers. Despite public protests and dissent architectural council, the building was demolished and built anew according to the decision of Yuri Luzhkov in 2003.
Despite public protests and dissent architectural council, the building was demolished and built anew according to the decision of Yuri Luzhkov in 2003. The project of the new buildings was not taken into consideration the artistic value of its facades and interiors.

The church of Peter and Paul was built in pseudo-Gothic style by A. Gilardi in 1839-45 years. The church was closed in 1937 and the building was handed over to the cinema which was not opened. During the war in the former church has got a German bomb, which seriously damaged the building.
After the war the building was not restored in its original form. Since 1946, the building belogs to the institution of "Giprouglemash".

The house was built from drawings by the artist Vashkov who was inspired by white stone carvings of ancient temples of Vladimir-Suzdal land.
In 1945 two floors were built onto the house and this distorted the proportions. The fantastic animals are not so organically combined with minimalist superstructure nowadays. The superstructure also destroyed unique features - fence, crowning the building above, and the part of the fourth floor of decor, as well as the gate adjacent to the house on the right.
Even though during our research we've found out that there is no proper interaction among citizens, private sector and the city (citizens believe that there is no interaction at all), it is still not completely true. Let's say that each edit made in the city is a word, a sentence or even a whole paragraph. So we do communicate a lot, though we simply haven't learned yet how to "read" and hold a discussion.
Thanks to experts and STRELKA students for feedback and help.
Thanks to our tutors and curators Andrey Manirko, Eugenia Pospelova, Fedor Novikov and Pierluigi Dalla Rosa.
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